Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment, often referred to as endodontic therapy, is a critical dental procedure aimed at saving a natural tooth that has become infected or is in severe pain due to deep decay, infected pulp, or damage. This dental treatment focuses on removing the infected tooth pulp—the soft tissue within the pulp chamber that contains blood vessels, connective tissue, and nerves. The goal is to preserve the natural tooth, eliminate infection, and prevent the need for further treatment.

Steps to complete root canal therapy

Root canal treatment is a highly effective procedure that can save a tooth from extraction while relieving pain and discomfort associated with dental infections. It allows the patient to retain their natural tooth, maintain proper oral function, and restore the aesthetics of their smile. Additionally, with proper care, a tooth that has undergone a root canal can last a long time.

  • Pain Relief: Root canal therapy effectively relieves pain and discomfort associated with an infected tooth.
  • Tooth Preservation: Allows patients to keep their natural tooth, maintaining the alignment of other teeth and normal biting force and sensation.
  • Prevents Spread of Infection: By removing the infected pulp, root canal treatment prevents the spread of infection to surrounding teeth or soft tissue.
  • Improved Oral Health: A successfully treated tooth can enhance overall oral health and contribute to good oral hygiene.

The dentist first examines the tooth and may take X-rays to assess the extent of the infection or damage. Common symptoms indicating the need for a root canal include severe toothache, sensitivity to hot and cold, swelling, and sometimes a pimple on the gums near the affected tooth.


Local anesthesia is administered to numb the affected tooth and the surrounding area, ensuring the patient’s comfort during the procedure.


A rubber dam or dental dam is often placed around the tooth to keep it dry and free of saliva during the procedure.

Access Opening

The dentist drills a small access hole in the crown of the tooth to reach the pulp chamber and root canals.

Pulp Removal

The infected or damaged pulp tissue is carefully removed using specialized dental instruments. The interior of the tooth is cleaned and disinfected to eliminate bacteria and debris.

Shaping and Filling

The dentist shapes the empty root canals and pulp chamber to prepare them for filling. The root canals are then sealed with a biocompatible material, often a rubber-like substance called gutta-percha. The access hole in the crown is sealed with a filling.


In many cases, a tooth that has undergone a root canal will be weaker and more susceptible to fracture. To strengthen and protect the tooth, a crown (a custom-made cap) is often placed over it. The crown is designed to match the appearance and function of the natural tooth.

Your Smile is Our Priority

Aftercare and Recovery

Following a root canal, patients may experience some sensitivity or discomfort, which typically subsides within a few days. It’s important to practice good oral hygiene and attend regular dental check-ups to ensure the health of the treated tooth and other teeth.

Contrary to common fears, root canal treatments are not painful due to the use of modern anesthesia and techniques. Many patients report that the procedure is no more uncomfortable than having a filling placed. The root canal treatment process is a testament to advancements in dental procedures, offering a safe and effective way to avoid root canal treatment complications and achieve a healthy, confident smile.

Whether due to deep decay, repeated dental procedures on the tooth, or a crack or chip in the tooth, root canal treatments provide a much-needed solution for tooth preservation and pain relief. If you suspect you may need a root canal or are experiencing symptoms of a tooth pulp infection, consult with a root canal specialist or dentist to discuss your options and the root canal cost.