The importance of efficient oral hygiene care will include a routine check-up once or twice a year with professional cleaning. In addition to dental visits, brushing twice a day with fluoridated toothpaste and flossing after eating daily will improve oral hygiene. The aim of brushing is to clean teeth and support gum from the dental plaque and food particles.
Mechanically twice a day (at least 4-5 minutes each time, preferably after breakfast and before going to bed) because dental plaque will be difficult to remove after 24 hours. Food particles will change by the action of microorganisms to acid which will cause inflammatory reaction of the gum, bleeding and bad breath (halitosis).
SMOKING & SIDE EFFECTS
Tobacco, for example cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, shisha etc. has more than 4000 chemical by products that affect the health of every single smoker and passive smokers (who aren’t smoking but are breathing in the smoke of nearby smokers).
Bad side effects include:
social (bad breath, change of tastes in foods, staining of teeth and appearance of teeth & gum)
health problems (respiratory gastrointestinal tracts, cancer of the respiratory system and oral cavity, especially if combined with frequent alcohol consumption)
Therefore, it is very important to be aware of the risks of smoking and methods to help quit smoking.
During periodic checkups the dentist can see the health of teeth & gums and if caused by smoking will encourage the patient to quit. By providing nice clean teeth and fresh breath we can help the patient’s through their first steps of quitting.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GENERAL HEALTH & ORAL HEALTH
There are many general medical conditions that affect oral cavity or teeth and vice versa.
Research shows that diabetic patients have more periodontal problems because there are many hormonal and immunity factors that are released to defend the body but will also attack the host cells such as gum and supporting tissue of teeth. This together with high blood sugar creates a good media for the growth of bacteria and cause more destruction of supporting tissue, bone, more loss of teeth and abscess formation consequently lead to more cardiovascular diseases (heart attack and chest pain). Diabetic patients need more dental care at home and at a dental clinic if you want to help save your teeth and gums.
There are other conditions that affect dental health such as patients with or taking:
- bisphosphonates (FOSAMAX,ACTONELZOMETA)
- or with heart valve replacement, joint replacement
All these patients will need special care especially during the removal of teeth and construction of dentures.
The type of food we are eating and the liquid we are drinking daily affect oral health as well as general wellbeing. High sugar content food and drinks such as carbohydrates and starch will not only increase weight, high blood pressure & high blood cholesterol, but will also affect teeth and gum causing dental decay & inflammation. It is very important to know that the amount of carbohydrates is not crucial but rather the number of times of sugar content in food.
So we would like to explain few important tips to improve your oral health such as:
- Avoid sugar intake between meals because it will change very rapidly to acid within (minutes) and reach its peak in 20-30 minutes (depending on the type of carbohydrates).
- Avoid soft drink intake especially black Coca Cola in particular between meals, because the acidity of soft drink is low enough to cause demineralization of the tooth enamel very fast. If you drink soft drinks, try not to brush for at least 30-60 minutes, because soft drinks cause softening of the tooth enamel and brushing will strip the soften tooth structure. After 30-60 minutes the saliva will then neutralize the acidity of the tooth surface and will help in the re-mineralization of the soften tooth enamel.
- Try to eat more vegetables containing more fibers such as carrots, apples and more cheeses.
- Use more sugar free chewing gum after meals “in addition to brushing and flossing” to increase the salivary flow rate and reinforce the buffering system of saliva.
PERIODONTAL DISEASES & ANALYSIS
Periodontal disease is the inflammation and infection of the gums. It is caused by plaque that builds up on the teeth. Plaque can be hardened to become calculus. They are caused by poor oral hygiene
Signs of periodontal disease:
- Red swollen, tender, painful or bleeding gums.
- Gums that have shrunk from the teeth.
- Bad breath
- A bad taste in the mouth
- Abscesses between teeth and gums
Benefits of periodontal treatment:
- Healthy gums
- Fresh breath
- A better chance of keeping your teeth longer