Dental implants are an artificial part (usually highly purified titanium or alloy) of the dental prosthesis which insert inside the jawbone above of which we sit the artificial tooth. There are many systems and companies that produce dental implants, but all of them have nearly the same success rates and complications.
Dental implants are the best choice for replacing missing teeth and considered the golden standard for teeth replacement compared to fixed bridges, WHICH need to cut from natural teeth structures. This will cause damage to the teeth especially if the tooth is sound because it has been proven on clinical based research, that a large number (some time reach up to 75%) of prepared teeth become non-vital after 15 years. On the light of these facts, even if the implant cost more than normal fixed bridges but in long term implant supported bridges are cheaper because many of prepared teeth under conventional bridges need root canal treatment and some may decay under the crowns. There are few limitations for implant dentistry applications such as patient’s on Warfarin & Bisphosphonates (including Prolia injections), heavy bites, smoking, uncontrolled diabetic patients, or sometimes due to anatomical difficulties such as lack of bone (can solved with bone graft) or poor bone quality.
With continuous progress in the technology of implant industry, surgical techniques, the introduction of small diameter implants and even revolutionary invention of mini dental implants, now it is possible to place mini dental implants for supporting dentures and fixed bridges successfully without opening the gum. With this new technology, patients can have fixed bridges and eat on the same day after their first initial consultation.
Dental implants may be:
- Conventional implants with one or two surgical stages according to the situation
- “All-on-4” full arch implants
- SDI (Small Diameter Implants) & MDI (Mini Dental Implants)
Dental implants can be used to:
- Replace a missing tooth or teeth
- Support dental bridges
- Secure dentures (either partial or full)